Readers ask: Who Is Artaxerxes In The Book Of Nehemiah?

Who is Artaxerxes in Nehemiah?

He is the central character of the biblical Book of Ezra and also appears in the Book of Nehemiah. Ezra was a priest and scribe at Susa who was sent by Artaxerxes I, along with a significant number of Jewish families, to Jerusalem in order to standardize the Law of Moses.

Is Artaxerxes the son of Esther?

This is the same King who married Esther in the famous story told in the Bible of Esther 1. The Book of Esther refers to him as Artaxerxes, and the historian Josephus relates that this was the name by which he was known to the Greeks. Jewish tradition regards him as the same Ahasuerus of the Book of Esther.

Who is Artaxerxes father?

His father was Xerxes, Darius’ son and heir, while his mother was Amestris, the daughter of one of the seven noblemen who supposedly had murdered the magus who was masquerading as King Bardiya in 522 BC.

Is King Ahasuerus the same as Artaxerxes?

Ahasuerus, a royal Persian name occurring throughout the Old Testament. Immediately preceding Artaxerxes I in the line of Persian kings, Ahasuerus is evidently to be identified with Xerxes. No other name resembling Ahasuerus, nor any name like Darius, is to be found in the list of Median kings.

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Who was Nehemiah and what did he do?

Nehemiah, also spelled Nehemias, (flourished 5th century bc), Jewish leader who supervised the rebuilding of Jerusalem in the mid -5th century bc after his release from captivity by the Persian king Artaxerxes I. He also instituted extensive moral and liturgical reforms in rededicating the Jews to Yahweh.

Who was Queen Esther married to?

Esther, the beautiful Jewish wife of the Persian king Ahasuerus (Xerxes I), and her cousin Mordecai persuade the king to retract an order for the general annihilation of Jews throughout the empire.

Is artaxerxes blind?

Despite losing his sight to the assassins’ poison Artaxerxes nevertheless managed to survive and escape. Faking his death and fleeing Persia, Artaxerxes traveled to Greece where he sought refuge in the city of Megara, Megaris.

Is Darius mentioned in the Bible?

Biblical mentions Darius is first mentioned in the story of Belshazzar’s feast (Daniel 5). Daniel continues to pray to the God of Israel, and Darius, although deeply distressed, must condemn him to be thrown into the lions’ den because the edicts of the Medes and Persians cannot be altered.

Is Xerxes a God?

ːs]; 519–465 BC), called Xerxes the Great, was the fourth King of Kings of the Achaemenid dynasty of Persia. Like his father and predecessor Darius I, he ruled the empire at its territorial apex. The historical Xerxes probably did not consider himself a god, but he was a legend in his own time.

How many Persians did the 300 kill?

The Persian assault began on August 17 and lasted for three days before the Persians finally killed the 298 Spartans who had defended the mountain pass with another small Greek contingent of roughly three to four thousand men. Before the Spartans and others died, however, they had slain twenty thousand Persians.

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Are Cyrus and Artaxerxes the same person?

404-358 BCE, also known as Artaxerxes II Mnemon) was the 10th monarch of the Achaemenid Empire (c. 550-330 BCE). He was the son of Darius II (r. 424-404 BCE) and Parysatis (who was Darius II’s half-sister) and older brother of Cyrus the Younger (d.

Where is Persia today?

Persia, historic region of southwestern Asia associated with the area that is now modern Iran. The term Persia was used for centuries and originated from a region of southern Iran formerly known as Persis, alternatively as Pārs or Parsa, modern Fārs.

Is Ezra a book in the Bible?

The Book of Ezra is a book of the Hebrew Bible; which formerly included the Book of Nehemiah in a single book, commonly distinguished in scholarship as Ezra–Nehemiah. Together with the Book of Nehemiah, it represents the final chapter in the historical narrative of the Hebrew Bible.

What happened to Artaxerxes?

Artaxerxes I, (died 425 bc, Susa, Elam [now in Iran]), Achaemenid king of Persia (reigned 465–425 bc). He was surnamed in Greek Macrocheir (“Longhand”) and in Latin Longimanus. A few months later, Artaxerxes slew Artabanus in a hand-to-hand fight.

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