Quick Answer: Who Was King Artaxerxes To Nehemiah?

Was Esther the mother of Artaxerxes?

The “Old Greek” Septuagint version of Esther translates the name Ahasuerus as Artaxerxes, a Greek name derived from the Persian Artaxšaϑra. Jewish tradition relates that Esther was the mother of a King Darius and so some try to identify Ahasuerus with Artaxerxes I and Esther with Kosmartydene.

Who was Artaxerxes in Ezra?

He is the central character of the biblical Book of Ezra and also appears in the Book of Nehemiah. Ezra was a priest and scribe at Susa who was sent by Artaxerxes I, along with a significant number of Jewish families, to Jerusalem in order to standardize the Law of Moses.

Are King Ahasuerus and King Artaxerxes the same person?

Ahasuerus, a royal Persian name occurring throughout the Old Testament. Immediately preceding Artaxerxes I in the line of Persian kings, Ahasuerus is evidently to be identified with Xerxes. The name seems impossible here, however, and may be the result of some accident in the literary transmission.

What was Esther’s purpose in the Bible?

Esther, the beautiful Jewish wife of the Persian king Ahasuerus (Xerxes I), and her cousin Mordecai persuade the king to retract an order for the general annihilation of Jews throughout the empire.

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Who was Esther’s husband?

“Ahasuerus ” is given as the name of a king, the husband of Esther, in the Book of Esther.

Where is Persia today?

Persia, historic region of southwestern Asia associated with the area that is now modern Iran. The term Persia was used for centuries and originated from a region of southern Iran formerly known as Persis, alternatively as Pārs or Parsa, modern Fārs.

Who were the three kings of Persia?

6th Century BC Kings Of Persia: Start Of The Achaemenid Empire

  • Cyrus the Great (r. 550-530 BC)
  • Cambyses II (r. 530-522 BC)
  • Darius I The Great (r. 522-486 BC)
  • Xerxes I (r. 485-465 BC)
  • Darius II (r. 424-404 BC)
  • Artaxerxes II (r. 404-358 BC)
  • Darius III (r. 336-330 BC)

Is artaxerxes blind?

Despite losing his sight to the assassins’ poison Artaxerxes nevertheless managed to survive and escape. Faking his death and fleeing Persia, Artaxerxes traveled to Greece where he sought refuge in the city of Megara, Megaris.

Is Xerxes a God?

ːs]; 519–465 BC), called Xerxes the Great, was the fourth King of Kings of the Achaemenid dynasty of Persia. Like his father and predecessor Darius I, he ruled the empire at its territorial apex. The historical Xerxes probably did not consider himself a god, but he was a legend in his own time.

How many Persians did the 300 kill?

The Persian assault began on August 17 and lasted for three days before the Persians finally killed the 298 Spartans who had defended the mountain pass with another small Greek contingent of roughly three to four thousand men. Before the Spartans and others died, however, they had slain twenty thousand Persians.

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How tall was Xerxes in real life?

Almost 8 feet tall. Herodotus wrote in Histories (7:117) that “[Xerxes] was in stature the tallest of all the Persians, falling short by only four fingers of being five royal cubits in height.” A royal cubit is assumed to be a bit more than 20 English inches (52 cm), which makes Xerxes almost 8 feet tall (2.43 m).

Who was King Darius in the Bible?

Darius the Mede is mentioned in the Book of Daniel as king of Babylon between Belshazzar and Cyrus the Great, but he is not known to history, and no additional king can be placed between the known figures of Belshazzar and Cyrus.

What is another name for King Xerxes?

Xerxes I (l. 519-465, r. 486-465 BCE), also known as Xerxes the Great, was the king of the Persian Achaemenid Empire. His official title was Shahanshah which, though usually translated as `emperor’, actually means `king of kings’.

Did Daniel and Esther live at the same time?

That is the time that Esther is set. The Book of Daniel is set during the Babylonian captivity, ~600 BCE to 538 BCE. These times don’t overlap, so the two names couldn’t refer to the same person.

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