- 1 Was Esther the mother of Artaxerxes?
- 2 What was Nehemiah’s role to the king?
- 3 Who was Artaxerxes wife?
- 4 Is King Darius and Cyrus the same?
- 5 What was Esther’s purpose in the Bible?
- 6 What is the main message of the book of Nehemiah?
- 7 Who was Nehemiah’s father?
- 8 Who was the leader of the third return from exile?
- 9 Who is the son of Queen Esther?
- 10 Is King Ahasuerus the same as Artaxerxes?
- 11 Who was King Artaxerxes in the Bible?
- 12 What happened to Vashti?
- 13 Was Queen Esther a real person?
- 14 How old was Queen Esther when she got married?
Was Esther the mother of Artaxerxes?
The “Old Greek” Septuagint version of Esther translates the name Ahasuerus as Artaxerxes, a Greek name derived from the Persian Artaxšaϑra. Jewish tradition relates that Esther was the mother of a King Darius and so some try to identify Ahasuerus with Artaxerxes I and Esther with Kosmartydene.
What was Nehemiah’s role to the king?
Nehemiah was the cupbearer to King Artaxerxes I at a time when Judah in Palestine had been partly repopulated by Jews released from their exile in Babylonia. He was provided with an escort and with documents that guaranteed the assistance of Judah’s Persian officials.
Who was Artaxerxes wife?
Book of Esther Persian kings did not marry outside a restricted number of Persian noble families and it is impossible that there was a Jewish queen Esther; in any case the historical Xerxes’s queen was Amestris. In the Septuagint, the Book of Esther refers to this king as ‘Artaxerxes’ (Ancient Greek: Ἀρταξέρξης).
Is King Darius and Cyrus the same?
Cambyses was Cyrus’ son and his successor as emperor. Darius was a member of the royal bodyguard of Cambyses II, the son and heir of Cyrus the Great who ruled for several years before dying mysteriously in 522.
What was Esther’s purpose in the Bible?
Esther, the beautiful Jewish wife of the Persian king Ahasuerus (Xerxes I), and her cousin Mordecai persuade the king to retract an order for the general annihilation of Jews throughout the empire.
What is the main message of the book of Nehemiah?
Nehemiah, one of Israel’s great leaders, tells firsthand the powerful story of the rebuilding of ancient Jerusalem’s walls after the exile. This rebuilding, in the face of great odds, represented the people’s renewal of faith, their overcoming of national shame and the reforming of their conduct.
Who was Nehemiah’s father?
Hachaliah or Hacaliah (חֲכַלְיָה in the Hebrew) was the father of Nehemiah, the author of the Book of Nehemiah, which is a book of the Hebrew Bible, known to Jews as the Tanakh and to Christians as the Old Testament.
Who was the leader of the third return from exile?
Ezra, Hebrew ʿezraʾ, (flourished 4th century bc, Babylon and Jerusalem), religious leader of the Jews who returned from exile in Babylon, reformer who reconstituted the Jewish community on the basis of the Torah (Law, or the regulations of the first five books of the Old Testament).
Who is the son of Queen Esther?
Esther reigned as the queen of Persia for a period of about 13 years. With King Ahasuerus, she had one son, named Darius II, who would later rebuild the holy Temple in Jersusalem.
Is King Ahasuerus the same as Artaxerxes?
Ahasuerus, a royal Persian name occurring throughout the Old Testament. Immediately preceding Artaxerxes I in the line of Persian kings, Ahasuerus is evidently to be identified with Xerxes. No other name resembling Ahasuerus, nor any name like Darius, is to be found in the list of Median kings.
Who was King Artaxerxes in the Bible?
Artaxerxes I, (died 425 bc, Susa, Elam [now in Iran]), Achaemenid king of Persia (reigned 465–425 bc). He was surnamed in Greek Macrocheir (“Longhand”) and in Latin Longimanus. A younger son of Xerxes I and Amestris, he was raised to the throne by the commander of the guard, Artabanus, who had murdered Xerxes.
What happened to Vashti?
The Babylonian Rabbis cast Vashti in a negative light. In contrast, their counterparts in Erez Israel portrayed her in a positive manner. Vashti came to an end when Memucan, one of the seven eunuchs of King Ahasuerus, counseled the king to depose Vashti.
Was Queen Esther a real person?
Because the text lacks any references to known events, some historians believe that the narrative of Esther is fictional, and the name Ahasuerus is used to refer to a fictionalized Xerxes I, in order to provide an aetiology for Purim.
How old was Queen Esther when she got married?
According to one tradition, she was forty years old, while another places her age at seventy-four, which is the numerical value of the name “Hadassah” (Esther’s second name), or, according to another calculation of this numerical value, seventy-five (see above).