Often asked: Who Was King Artaxerxes In Nehemiah?

Who is Artaxerxes in Nehemiah?

He is the central character of the biblical Book of Ezra and also appears in the Book of Nehemiah. Ezra was a priest and scribe at Susa who was sent by Artaxerxes I, along with a significant number of Jewish families, to Jerusalem in order to standardize the Law of Moses.

Was Esther the mother of Artaxerxes?

The “Old Greek” Septuagint version of Esther translates the name Ahasuerus as Artaxerxes, a Greek name derived from the Persian Artaxšaϑra. Jewish tradition relates that Esther was the mother of a King Darius and so some try to identify Ahasuerus with Artaxerxes I and Esther with Kosmartydene.

Are King Ahasuerus and King Artaxerxes the same person?

Ahasuerus, a royal Persian name occurring throughout the Old Testament. Immediately preceding Artaxerxes I in the line of Persian kings, Ahasuerus is evidently to be identified with Xerxes. The name seems impossible here, however, and may be the result of some accident in the literary transmission.

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Who was Nehemiah and what did he do?

Nehemiah, also spelled Nehemias, (flourished 5th century bc), Jewish leader who supervised the rebuilding of Jerusalem in the mid -5th century bc after his release from captivity by the Persian king Artaxerxes I. He also instituted extensive moral and liturgical reforms in rededicating the Jews to Yahweh.

Who was Esther’s husband?

“Ahasuerus ” is given as the name of a king, the husband of Esther, in the Book of Esther.

Is Xerxes a God?

ːs]; 519–465 BC), called Xerxes the Great, was the fourth King of Kings of the Achaemenid dynasty of Persia. Like his father and predecessor Darius I, he ruled the empire at its territorial apex. The historical Xerxes probably did not consider himself a god, but he was a legend in his own time.

How many Persians did the 300 kill?

The Persian assault began on August 17 and lasted for three days before the Persians finally killed the 298 Spartans who had defended the mountain pass with another small Greek contingent of roughly three to four thousand men. Before the Spartans and others died, however, they had slain twenty thousand Persians.

How tall was Xerxes in real life?

Almost 8 feet tall. Herodotus wrote in Histories (7:117) that “[Xerxes] was in stature the tallest of all the Persians, falling short by only four fingers of being five royal cubits in height.” A royal cubit is assumed to be a bit more than 20 English inches (52 cm), which makes Xerxes almost 8 feet tall (2.43 m).

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What was Esther’s purpose in the Bible?

Esther, the beautiful Jewish wife of the Persian king Ahasuerus (Xerxes I), and her cousin Mordecai persuade the king to retract an order for the general annihilation of Jews throughout the empire.

What lessons do we learn from the book of Esther?

The book of Esther brings out exactly how God works in our lives in helping us fulfill our destinies. It focuses on courage, divine timings and God’s love for us. In summary the book of Esther talks about a Jewish woman (Esther) living in Persia and reared by her cousin Mordecai.

What is the spiritual meaning of Esther?

In Biblical Names the meaning of the name Esther is: Secret, hidden.

Who was King Darius in the Bible?

Darius the Mede is mentioned in the Book of Daniel as king of Babylon between Belshazzar and Cyrus the Great, but he is not known to history, and no additional king can be placed between the known figures of Belshazzar and Cyrus.

What is another name for King Xerxes?

Xerxes I (l. 519-465, r. 486-465 BCE), also known as Xerxes the Great, was the king of the Persian Achaemenid Empire. His official title was Shahanshah which, though usually translated as `emperor’, actually means `king of kings’.

What happened king Ahasuerus?

If we accept the scholarly consensus identifying Ahasuerus with Xerxes I, we know he came to the throne in 486 BCE and met an untimely and violent death in 465 BCE as a result of a court revolution.

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